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The Mk4 Jetta
Also known as the Bora, Clasico, Lavida or City Jetta
The fourth generation of the Volkswagen Jetta, and the successor to the Volkswagen Vento. Production of the car began in July 1999. Carrying on the wind nomenclature from previous generations, the car was known as the Volkswagen Bora in much of the world. Bora is a winter wind that blows intermittently over the coast of the Adriatic Sea, as well as in parts of Greece, Russia, Turkey, and the Sliven region of Bulgaria. In North America and South Africa, the Volkswagen Jetta moniker was again kept on due to the continued popularity of the car in those markets.
Body & Build
The Mk4 debuted shortly after its larger sibling, the Passat, with which it shared many styling cues. The rounded shape and arched roofline served as the new Volkswagen styling trademark, abandoning traditional sharp creases for more curved corners. A distinguishing feature of the Mk4 is its Whiptenna, a trademark for the antenna on the rear end of the roof, which claims to incur less drag than traditional antennae due to its short length and leeward position. For the first time, the rear passenger doors differed from those of a five-door Golf. The car was also offered as an estate/wagon (whose rear doors are also not interchangeable with the others). New on this generation were some advanced options such as rain sensor-controlled windshield wipers and automatic climate control. However, these were expensive extras and many buyers did not specify them on their cars; as a result, the used market has many sparsely equipped models. Volkswagen introduced an estate/station wagon version of the fourth-generation car in January 2001 at the Los Angeles Auto Show. This was the first time an "A" platform Volkswagen was available in North America with that body style. Although the sedan was built in a number of locations, all Jetta estate models were built in the Wolfsburg plant. In the rear, 963 l (34 ft3) of space were available in the cargo compartment. When the rear seats were folded, the car could hold 1473 l (52 ft3). Like the sedan, the estate/wagon received high marks from most reviewers. They noted that the cargo area was large and useful. Additionally, the interior kept its top-quality fit and finish, although the rear seat was still a bit small.
The earlier US models have a few quality-control issues, as a number of owners reported windows falling into the doors, electrical problems, body panels rusting from the inside out, especially on the front wheel arches and wagon lift door, and emissions system defects. The fourth generation takes approximately 52 hours per vehicle to assemble in the Puebla factory.
Although slightly shorter overall than the Mark 3, the fourth generation had the wheelbase extended slightly. Some powertrain options were carried over. Nevertheless, two new internal-combustion engines were offered, the 1.8-litre turbo four-cylinder (often referred to as the 1.8 20vT), and the VR6. The suspension setup remained much as before. However, it was softened considerably in most models to give a comfortable ride, which was met with some criticism as it was still quite hard in comparison with rivals such as vehicles offered from French carmakers. In 2004, a new range of "Pumpe-Düse" Unit Injector diesel engines was offered. This new design employed advanced unit injectors, along with additional electronics and emissions equipment to meet new emissions standards in Europe and North America, and is considerably more complex than the older diesel engines previously offered. To accomplish the task of producing sufficient power while meeting emissions standards, the "PD" technology injects fuel directly into the combustion chamber at pressures up to an incredibly high 2,050 bar (30,000 psi). The purpose of the high pressure is to promote fine atomisation of the fuel, which supports more complete combustion. To reduce noise, the engine employs a "pilot injection" system that injects a small amount of fuel prior to the main injection. All of the new generation of diesel engines require a special motor oil to meet Volkswagen oil specification 505.01 (or newer). Serious damage to the engine, particularly the camshaft and injectors, will result if oil not meeting this standard is used.
In 2008, the fourth-generation car was still sold in addition to the newer Mk 5, due to higher pricing of the fifth generation in some countries such as Colombia, China, Canada, Dominican Republic, Mexico, Brazil, and Argentina. Like its second-generation predecessor, the Mk 4 continued to be manufactured and marketed in China by Volkswagen Group's joint venture partner FAW-Volkswagen. In China a special R-Line eddiition was also available for a very short time with a 2.0l engine
In October 2006, Volkswagen re-released the fourth-generation car in Canada (for the 2007 model year) as the City Jetta. The move was made to allow Volkswagen to be more competitive with the rest of the compact class as the fifth-generation Jetta had moved upscale versus much of the competition. In 2008, the car was restyled to bring its looks up to date with the rest of the Volkswagen lineup. The only engine available was the 2.0-l, eight-valve SOHC 86 kW (115 hp; 117 PS) gasoline four-cylinder with an available six-speed tiptronic (with Sport mode) that was added as an option in 2008. In 2009, both model names were changed to Jetta City and Golf City. The Jetta City (since 2010 MY) and Golf City (since 2011 MY) are now both discontinued. The City Jetta was built alongside the fifth generation in the Puebla Assembly Plant.
Nearly finished i promise!!
In Mexico, the fourth-generation Jetta has been Volkswagen's most successful model for years, peaking in June 2009 on the top in sales and being fourth as of October 2009, just below Nissan's Tsuru (Sentra B13), Chevrolet's Chevy (Opel Corsa B) and the Brazilian Volkswagen Golf. Nevertheless, it is the best-selling compact car in the country. Volkswagen decided to keep sales along with the Mk5 with the tagline Why do we want a Jetta? Because the heart gives no reasons. In October 2010, the name "Jetta" was dropped, and the simpler name "Clasico" (Spanish for "classic") was chosen, suggesting this model may still be offered for years to come. In the model range, a 1.8-l 133 kW (178 hp; 181 PS) turbo in the Clasico GLI and a TDI 1.9-l 75 kW (101 hp; 102 PS) engine were available. After the 2013 model year, the Clasico lineup was reduced to a single trim level, which was the base model called CLasico CL Aire (which means it is equipped with air conditioning). The GLI and TDI were also discontinued. The CL sported trim level features 15-inch steel wheels with hubcaps. Antilock brakes and front airbags were available in manual, and automatic transmissions were optional. The 2014 model was the last to be produced in Puebla, Mexico, but some of the remaining units were still sold as 2015 models.